Download this article in .PDF format
This file type includes high resolution graphics and schematics when applicable.

1. IEEE STD 1139-2008, IEEE Standard Definitions of Physical Quantities for Fundamental Frequency and Time Metrology-Random Instabilities,” February 2008, Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/IEEESTD.2008.4797525, pp. c1-35.

2. U.L. Rohde and A.K. Poddar, “Technique to Minimize Phase noise of Crystal Oscillators,” Microwave Journal, May 2013, pp. 132-150.

3. Synergy Microwave Corp.

4. U.L. Rohde and A.K. Poddar, “ Latest Technology, Technological Challenges, and Market Trends for Frequency Generating and Timing Devices,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, October 2012, pp.120-134.

5. U.L. Rohde and A.K. Poddar, “DRO Drops phase-noise levels,” Microwaves & RF, February 2013, pp. 80-84.

6. Ulrich Rohde, Ajay Poddar, and Anisha Apte, “Getting Its Measure,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 73-86.

7. Ulrich Rohde, Ajay Poddar, and Anisha Apte, “How Low Can They Go, Oscillator Phase Noise Model, Theoretical, Experimental Validation, and Phase Noise Measurements,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 50-72.

8. Li Zhang, A.K. Poddar, U.L. Rohde, and A.S. Daryoush, “Analytical and Experimental Evaluation of SSB Phase Noise Reduction in Self-Injection Locked Oscillators Using Optical Delay Loops,” IEEE Photonics Journal, Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 1-18.

9. A.K. Poddar, “Slow Wave Resonator Based Tunable Multi-Band Multi-Mode Injection-Locked Oscillators” Dr.-Inh.-habil Thesis, BTU Cottbus, Germany (draft thesis submitted for defense on March 2013).

10. U.L. Rohde, Microwave Wireless Synthesizers: Theory and Design, Wiley, New York, 1997, p. 25.

11. U.L. Rohde and A.K. Poddar, “A Digital Frequency Synthesizer Using Adaptive Mode-Coupled Resonator Mechanism for Low Noise and Low Jitter Applications,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2011.

12. U.L. Rohde and A.K. Poddar, “VCSO Technology Silences Synthesizers,” Microwaves & RF, February 2011.

13. J.A. Crawford, “Advanced Phase-Locked Techniques,” Artech, Norwood, MA, p. 28.

14. Behzad Razavi, RF Microelectronics, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 2011, p. 613.

15. D.B. Leeson, “A Simple Model of Feedback Oscillator Noise Spectrum,” IEEE  Proceedings, 1966, pp. 329-332.

16. T.H. Lee and A. Hajimiri, “Oscillator Phase Noise: A Tutorial,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 35, No. 3, March 2000, pp. 326-336.

17. A. Demir, A. Mehrotra, and J. Roychowdhury, “Phase noise in oscillators: a unifying theory and numerical methods for characterization,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits & Systems I, Vol. 47, No. 5, May 2000, pp. 655-674.

18. M. Nick, “New Q-Enhanced Planar Resonators for Low Phase-Noise Radio Frequency Oscillators,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Electrical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2011.

19. F.X. Kaertner, “Analysis of White and üb Noise in Oscillators,” International Journal of Circuit Theory and Application, Vol. 18, 1990, pp. 485-519.

20. A. Demir, “Phase Noise and Timing Jitter in Oscillators with Colored-Noise Sources,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems 1, Vol. 49, No. 12, December 2002, pp. 1782-1791.

21. J.C. Nallatamby, M. Prigent, M. Camiade, and J. Obregon, “Phase noise in oscillators – Leeson formula revisited,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 51, No. 4, April 2003, pp. 1386-1394.

22. A. Suárez, S. Sancho, S. Ver Hoeye, and J. Portilla, “Analytical comparison between time- and frequency-domain techniques for phase-noise analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 50, No. 10, October 2002, pp. 2353-2361.

23. S. Ver Hoeye, A. Suárez, and J. Portilla, “Techniques for oscillator nonlinear optimization and phase-noise analysis using commercial Harmonic-Balance software,” 2000 IEEE MTT-S Digest, pp. 95-98.

24. V. Rizzoli, F. Mastri, and D. Masotti, “General noise analysis of nonlinear microwave circuits by the piecewise Harmonic Balance technique,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 42, No. 5, May 1994, pp. 807-819.

25. A. Abidi, “How phase noise appears in oscillators.”

26. U.L. Rohde and D.P. Newkirk, “RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications,” Wiley-Interscience, New York, 2000, p. 644.

27. Ulrich L. Rohde, Digital PLL Frequency Synthesizers - Theory and Design, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983.

28. Ulrich L. Rohde, “A New and Efficient Method of Designing Low Noise Microwave Oscillators,” Dr.-Ing. Thesis, BTU Cottbus, Germany, 2004.

Download this article in .PDF format
This file type includes high resolution graphics and schematics when applicable.